|Status: Threatened/Endangered||Critical habitat: 9/2/1998||Listed: 7/28/1978||Recovery plan: 5/18/1999|
Range: AL(s), CT(s), DE(m), FL(b), GA(b), LA(s), MA(s), MS(s), NY(s), NJ(s), NC(b), PR(b), RI(s), SC(b), TX(s), VI(b), VA(m) ---
The Atlantic green sea is threatened by egg collection, hunting, vandalism, disturbance while nesting, beach development, habitat loss, and sea level rise. Its population has increased in the United States since being listed as endangered in 1978, but systematic surveys only began in 1989. It grew by 2,206% in Florida between 1989 and 2011 (464 to 10,701) and has achieved its population size recovery goal.
|Status: Endangered||Critical habitat: 9/2/1998||Listed: 6/2/1970||Recovery plan: 5/18/1999|
Range: AL(s), CT(o), DE(o), FL(b), GA(o), LA(s), MD(o), MA(o), MS(s), NY(o), NJ(o), NC(o), PR(b), RI(o), SC(o), TX(s), VI(b), VA(o) ---
Globally, the number of hawksbill sea turtles may have declined by as much as 80 percent over the past century due to commerce in their shells, poaching, habitat loss, bycatch and entanglement in marine debris. Although hawksbill numbers continue to decline globally, at protected beaches on Mona Island, Puerto Rico, nests increased from 177 in 1974 to 332 in 2005.
|Status: Endangered||Critical habitat: 3/23/1979||Listed: 6/2/1970||Recovery plan: 5/18/1999|
Range: CT(s), DE(s), FL(b), GA(b), ME(s), MD(s), MA(s), NH(s), NY(s), NJ(s), NC(b), PR(b), RI(s), SC(b), VI(b), VA(s) ---
The Atlantic leatherback sea turtles declined due to habitat destruction, commercial fishery bycatch, harvest of eggs, hunting of adults, and loss of beach nesting habitat. It is still threatened by these, and in some places by offshore oil drilling. Globally, leatherback sea turtles have been declining for decades. U.S. populations, however, have increased since being listed as endangered in 1970. Between 1989 and 2011, nests at Florida core index beaches increased from 27 to 615.
|Status: Endangered||Critical habitat: 7/10/2001||Listed: 12/11/1985||Recovery plan: 5/18/1999|
Range: AL(s), CT(b), DE(b), FL(s), GA(s), LA(s), ME(b), MD(b), MA(b), MS(s), NH(b), NY(b), NJ(b), NC(b), PR(s), RI(b), SC(b), TX(s), VA(b) ---
Atlantic piping plover populations initially declined due to hunting and the millinery trade. With these eliminated, it increased in the first half of the 20th century, but began declining after 1950 due to development, beach crowding and predation. It was listed as 1985 after which intensive habitat protection and control of recreationists and predators, increased its U.S. population from 550 pairs in 1986 to 1,550 in 2011, reaching its overall U.S. recovery goal in 3 of the last 5 years.
|Status: Endangered||Critical habitat: none||Listed: 12/2/1970||Recovery plan: 9/22/2011|
Range: AL(o), CT(s), DE(s), FL(o), GA(s), LA(m), ME(s), MD(s), MA(s), MS(m), NH(s), NY(s), NJ(s), NC(s), PR(o), RI(s), SC(o), TX(b), VI(o), VA(s) ---
More than 40,000 Kemp's Ridley sea turtles once nested in a single day on one beach in Mexico, but egg collection, oil drilling, development, and commercial fishing extirpated it from the United States by the 1950s. It was listed as endangered in 1970 and was reintroduced to Texas in 1978. There was little progress until 1995. The population reached 199 in 2011. The Mexican population grew from a low of 740 in the mid-1980s to at least 11,600 nests in 2006.
|Status: Threatened||Critical habitat: 9/11/2002||Listed: 12/11/1985||Recovery plan: 5/18/1999|
Range: MT, ND, SD, NE, KS, CO, MN, IA, OK; SC, GA, FL, AL, MS, LA, TX, PR
The Northern Great Plains piping plover was listed as endangered in 1986 due to threats from habitat loss, predation and disturbance. The number of Northern Great Plains piping plovers in the United States has increased from about 1,000 adults when ti was listed as an endangered species in 1985 to 2,959 adults in 2006.
|Status: Endangered||Critical habitat: none||Listed: 3/11/1967||Recovery plan: 5/9/2009|
Range: PR(b) ---
The Puerto Rican parrot declined to near extinction due to deforestation, hunting and hurricane damage. When listed as an endangered species in 1967, there were just 24 birds in one population. Due to habitat protection, captive breeding and predator control, it increased to 377 birds in 2001 in two wild populations and two breeding facilities.
|Status: Endangered||Critical habitat: none||Listed: 10/13/1970||Recovery plan: 10/14/1982|
Range: PR(b) ---
Hunting and clearing of forests for agriculture caused the once-abundant Puerto Rican plain pigeon to decline to near extinction. The pigeon remains highly threatened by habitat loss for development, hurricane damage to forests and low bird density. Survey methods have changed, making population comparisons difficult. Overall the total population of pigeons has fluctuated but increased from a few hundred survivors at listing in 1970 to an estimated population of about 1,600 birds in 2010.
|Status: Endangered||Critical habitat: none||Listed: 10/13/1970||Recovery plan: 3/27/1986|
Range: PR(b), VI(b) ---
The Virgin Islands tree boa is threatened by habitat destroying development, introduction of predatory mongooses, cats, and rats, and sea level rise. It was listed as endangered in 1970. In 1986, there were 71 snakes in four populations. Wild populations have increased and two new ones have been created. In 2008, 1,400 snakes were known in six populations. In 2009 it was recommended for downlisting.